Spelling Rules For Adverbs of Manner


The following tables explain the rules for forming adverbs of manner from adjectives.

 

Most Adjectives

Examples: bad, beautiful, careful, etc.

Steps Example
1. Adjective beautiful
2. + 'ly' beautifully

bad + 'ly' ⟶ badly

careful + 'ly' ⟶ carefully

 

Adjectives Ending in a 'y'

Examples: easy, happy, crazy, etc.

Steps Example
1. Adjective happy
2. - 'y' happ
3. + 'i' happi
4. + 'ly' happily

easy - 'y' + 'i' + 'ly' ⟶ easily

crazy - 'y' + 'i' + 'ly' ⟶ crazily

Exception: Some single syllable adjectives ending in 'y'

Examples: sly, wry, etc.

Adjective + 'ly' = Adverb of Manner

sly + 'ly' = slyly

wry + 'ly' = wryly

 

Adjectives Ending in 'ic'

Examples: basic, exotic, fantastic, heroic, etc.

Steps Example
1. Adjective fantastic
2. + 'ally' fantastically

basic + 'ally' ⟶ basically

exotic + 'ally' ⟶ exotically

heroic + 'ally' ⟶ heroically

Exception:

public

public + 'ly' = publicly

 
 

Adjectives Ending in 'le'

Examples: comfortable, gentle, terrible, etc.

Steps Example
1. Adjective terrible
2. - 'e' terribl
3. + 'y' terribly

comfortable - 'e' + 'y' ⟶ comfortably

gentle - 'e' + 'y' ⟶ gently

 

A Few Adverbs Have the Same Form as the Adjective

Examples: fast, hard, straight, etc.

Adjective Adverb
fast fast
hard hard
straight straight