Spelling Rules For The Present Participle Verb Form


The following tables show the rules for spelling regular verbs in their present participle form.

 

Verbs Ending in 'ie'

Examples: die, lie, tie, etc.

Steps Example
1. Base form tie
2. - 'ie' t
3. + 'y' ty
4. + 'ing' tying

die - 'ie' + 'y' + 'ing' ⟶ dying

lie - 'ie' + 'y' + 'ing' ⟶ lying

 

Verbs Ending in Vowel + Consonant + 'e'

Examples: live, move, prove, shove, etc.

Steps Example
1. Base form move
2. - 'e' mov
3. + 'ing' moving

live - 'e' + 'ing' ⟶ living

prove - 'e' + 'ing' ⟶ proving

shove - 'e' + 'ing' ⟶ shoving

 

Verbs Ending in a Consonant + Stressed vowel + Consonant

Examples: ban, run, stop, etc.

Steps Example
1. Base form run
2. Double the consonant runn
3. + 'ing' running

ban + 'n' + 'ing' ⟶ banning

stop + 'p' + 'ing' ⟶ stopping

 

All Other Forms

Examples: switch, want, watch, etc.

Steps Example
1. Base form watch
2. + 'ing' watching

switch + 'ing' ⟶ switching

want + 'ing' ⟶ wanting