subjects and objects

 

Every sentence has a Subject and a verb. Most sentences also have an object.

Subject | verb | object

 

What is the Subject

The subject is the person or thing that does the action of the verb. The subject will be a noun or a noun phrase.

To find the subject, we ask - "who/what [verb]?"

Ben is eating chicken.

Who/what is eating?

Answer: Ben. Ben is the subject.

 
subject of sentence
 
 

What is the Object

The object is the person or the thing upon which the action of the verb is carried out. The object will be a noun.

To find the object, we ask "[verb] who/what?"

Ben is eating chicken.

is eating who/what?

Answer: chicken. Chicken is the object.

 

the importance of word order

 

Word order is important in English. If we change the word order, we change the meaning of the sentence.

What is the difference between these two sentences?

  • Ben kicked the dog.

  • The dog kicked Ben.

 

Ben kicked the dog.

word order

Finding the Verb

What is the action?

kicked

Kicked is the verb.

Finding the Subject

Who/what kicked?

Ben kicked.

Ben is the subject.

Finding the Object

kicked who/what?

kicked the dog.

Dog is the object.

 

The dog kicked Ben.

english word order

Finding the Verb

What is the action?

kicked

Kicked is the verb.

Finding the Subject

Who/what kicked?

The dog kicked.

Dog is the subject.

Finding the Object

kicked who/what?

kicked Ben.

Ben is the object.